Spain-Morocco 2015

La Sagrada Familia – exterior

IMG_2975

 

The Basilica of the Sagrada Familia is remarkable for its size and ambition. This church, which occupies a whole block of the Eixample district, is a mass of profusely worked stone in catherdal-like dimensions. Built around a Latin cross ground plan with five naves, it is characterized by its stylized towers, crowned by pinnacles covered in ceramics.

IMG_2946

Begun under Gaudi’s careful watch in 1883, the project saw some setbacks in the mid-20th century, but lately the progress has been remarkable. The city has set a goal of finishingby 2026, the centennial of Gaudi’s death.

IMG_2965

When Gaudi died only one section, the Nativity Facade, had been completed. Mixing Gothic-style symbolism, images from nature, and Modernista asymmetry, the Nativity Facade is the best example of Gaudi’s original vision, and it established the template for future architects.

IMG_2669

Here is the Nativity Facade:

IMG_2671

The theme of this facade, which faces the rising sun, is Christ’s bitrth. A statue above the doorway shows Mary, Joseph, and Baby Jesus in the manger. It’s the Holy Family – or “Sagrada Familia” – for whom this church is dedicated.

IMG_2682

IMG_2679

IMG_2681

The church has three facades – Nativity, Passion, and Glory. They all chronicle Christ’s life from birth to death to resurrection. Many of Gaudi’s blueprints were destroyed during the civil war. Later architects and artists would rely more on their own creativity. Look at the Passion Facade, how different it is from the Nativity Facade. The lower part was only inspired by Gaudi’s design. These modern-looking sculptures were interpreted freely (and controversially) by Josep Maria Subirachs, who completed the work in 2005.

IMG_2736

IMG_2737

The Last Supper

The Last Supper

Betrayal

Betrayal

The style is severe and unadorned, quite different from Gaudi’s signature playfulness. But the bone-like archways are closely based on Gaudi’s original designs. And Gaudi had made it clear that this facade should be grim and terrifying. (Source: Rick Steves, Spain)

IMG_2743

The Glory Facade is not finished yet.

IMG_2949

IMG_2951

IMG_2793IMG_2801

IMG_2803

Previous post

Segovia: a vanished world

Next post

La Sagrada Familia - interior

No Comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *